[67] A Māori protest movement developed, which criticised Eurocentrism and worked for greater recognition of Māori culture and of the Treaty of Waitangi. [272] There was also significant Dutch, Dalmatian,[273] German, and Italian immigration, together with indirect European immigration through Australia, North America, South America and South Africa. [107] New Zealand has been described as an emerging power. In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire, and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full statutory independence in 1947, and the British monarch remained the head of state. [168][169] Of the seven largest cities, Christchurch is the driest, receiving on average only 640 millimetres (25 in) of rain per year and Wellington the wettest, receiving almost twice that amount. New Zealand’s population had a 90 per cent probability of increasing to 5.13-5.51 million in 2025, and to 5.19-5.94 million in 2030, Stats NZ said. Find Out We collect information from people and organisations through censuses and surveys, and use it to provide insights and data about New Zealand. The Population of New Zealand (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. [3][291] Immigration and demographic change in recent decades have contributed to the growth of minority religions, such as Hinduism (2.6%), Islam (1.3%), Buddhism (1.1%), and Sikhism (0.9%). [175][176] About 82% of New Zealand's indigenous vascular plants are endemic, covering 1,944 species across 65 genera. [157] The highly active Taupo Volcanic Zone has formed a large volcanic plateau, punctuated by the North Island's highest mountain, Mount Ruapehu (2,797 metres (9,177 ft)). The plateau also hosts the country's largest lake, Lake Taupo,[12] nestled in the caldera of one of the world's most active supervolcanoes. [78], The New Zealand Parliament holds legislative power and consists of the queen and the House of Representatives. [149], New Zealand is long and narrow—over 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) along its north-north-east axis with a maximum width of 400 kilometres (250 mi)[150]—with about 15,000 km (9,300 mi) of coastline[151] and a total land area of 268,000 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). [279] The number of fee-paying international students increased sharply in the late 1990s, with more than 20,000 studying in public tertiary institutions in 2002. The series Now We Are Five (Million) aimed to find out how Aotearoa is different to what it was … Māori in 1843 with the Wairau Affray over land and disagreements over sovereignty. [134] The 249 municipalities[134] that existed in 1975 have now been consolidated into 67 territorial authorities and 11 regional councils. The population density in Australia and New Zealand is 4 per Km 2 (10 people per mi 2). [35][36] The Moriori population was all but wiped out between 1835 and 1862, largely because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases also contributed. A large proportion of New Zealand's aid goes to these countries, and many Pacific people migrate to New Zealand for employment. [365] The Polynesian sport of waka ama racing has experienced a resurgence of interest in New Zealand since the 1980s. [296] New Zealand has an adult literacy rate of 99%,[151] and over half of the population aged 15 to 29 hold a tertiary qualification. [34] At some point, a group of Māori migrated to Rēkohu, now known as the Chatham Islands, where they developed their distinct Moriori culture. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°S 173°E / 42°S 173°E / -42; 173. [256], Crown Research Institutes (CRIs) were formed in 1992 from existing government-owned research organisations. [314][323], Māori cloaks are made of fine flax fibre and patterned with black, red and white triangles, diamonds and other geometric shapes. Check out my website. [152] Because of its far-flung outlying islands and long coastline, the country has extensive marine resources. [228] Exports account for 24% of its output,[151] making New Zealand vulnerable to international commodity prices and global economic slowdowns. New Zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the islands of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. The resident population of New Zealand reached 1 million in 1908. [342] Recorded Music NZ also publishes the country's official weekly record charts. As of March 31, the South Pacific nation has 5,002,100 residents. As of March 31, the South Pacific nation has 5,002,100 residents. It underwent major economic changes during the 1980s, which transformed it from a protectionist to a liberalised free-trade economy. [186] The arrival of humans, associated changes to habitat, and the introduction of rats, ferrets and other mammals led to the extinction of many bird species, including large birds like the moa and Haast's eagle. Their role is to research and develop new science, knowledge, products and services across the economic, environmental, social and cultural spectrum for the benefit of New Zealand. miles). [79] It also included an upper house, the Legislative Council, until this was abolished in 1950. While officially the Chatham Islands Council is not a unitary authority, it undertakes many functions of a regional council. The population density in Australia and New Zealand is 4 per Km 2 (10 people per mi 2). [224][225] Today New Zealand's economy benefits from a high level of innovation. This statistic shows the total population of New Zealand from 2015 to 2019, with projections up until 2025. The latest value from 2018 is 0.98 percent. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. In September 2020 Statistics New Zealand reported that the population had climbed above 5 million people in September 2019, according to population estimates based on the 2018 census. New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes. New Zealand's population increased at a rate of 1.9% per year in the seven years ended June 2020. Follow me on Twitter. Chart and table of New Zealand population density from 1950 to 2021. These areas include regions, cities and towns, local board areas, and area units. The indigenous people of New Zealand, the Māori, have a population of 775,836, or 16.5%. [181] New Zealand had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.12/10, ranking it 55th globally out of 172 countries. It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa originally referring to just the North Island. [347] The highest-grossing New Zealand films are Hunt for the Wilderpeople, Boy, The World's Fastest Indian, Whale Rider, Once Were Warriors and The Piano. People born on or before 31 December 2005 acquired citizenship at birth (. Most of them have European ancestors. [79] The governor-general appoints ministers under advice from the prime minister, who is by convention the parliamentary leader of the governing party or coalition. 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